Oberon is the highest town in the Blue Mountains region and part of the World Heritage Listed Blue Mountains National Park. Oberon is a popular area for trout fishing, sapphire fossicking, mushroom picking, horse riding, four wheel driving and bushwalking. Lake Oberon and its rivers and creeks are popular with anglers and bushwalkers enjoy trails such as Evans Crown Nature Reserve and Kanangra Walls.
Oberon is perhaps best known for the Jenolan Caves, the most spectacular limestone caves in Australia. The town supports a strong rural community producing lambs, beef cattle and a wide range of vegetables.